In Australia, about one in twelve babies are born prematurely. Compared to those born at term gestation these babies, particularly those born very or extremely preterm, are at increased risk of life-threatening conditions such as bronchopulmonary dysplasia. This condition represents a major challenge because, not only is it life-threatening, but also there is no specific directed treatment. Current management is essentially limited to supportive care. As such, the mortality and morbidity toll exacted by bronchopulmonary dysplasia remains challenging, to say the least.

We have recently shown that stem-like cells can be isolated from the amniotic membrane. These cells, term human amnion epithelial cells (hAECs), bear many characteristics of traditional stem cells such as pluripotency, ability to self-renew and are able to escape immune surveillance, thus avoiding immune rejection even when administered xenogeneically. In our preclinical studies, we showed that hAECs were able to prevent and rescue lung injury in animal models of adult and neonatal lung disease.

In this clinical trial, we aim to evaluate the safety of hAECs delivered intravenously to preterm babies with established bronchopulmonary dysplasia. 

Condition: Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia