Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common physical disability of childhood, affecting 2 per 1000 live births across the world. CP describes permanent non-progressive motor disorders arising from damage to the developing brain. CP is often associated with epilepsy, difficulties in speech, sight, hearing, sensation, perception, behaviour or cognition. There is no cure for CP.

Preclinical studies of different types of stem cells in models of acute brain injury similar to CP have shown significant functional improvement. The variety of stem cells available in umbilical cord blood (UCB), an ethically uncomplicated source of stem cells, has led to a focus on UCB stem cell therapy as a quick-to-clinic option. Previous studies indicate that autologous or unrelated donor UCBC infusion is safe and feasible for children with CP, and may lead to improved motor functioning, but there is no information about the safety and effects of matched sibling cord blood available.

Therefore, this trial will study the safety of infusing matched sibling cord blood cells to children with cerebral palsy. Additionally, we will assess how long the cells remain within the recipient through sensitive chimerism assays, as we hypothesise that the cells may be rejected within 24 hours of infusion. Finally, we will trial the use of a range of outcome measures in this context.

Condition: Cerebral Palsy